Transportation plays a key role in Atlantic Canada’s economy, facilitating trade and the movement of people. With the volume of Atlantic Canada’s trade doubling over the last two decades, the demands on the transportation system are growing while evolving trade patterns and expanding industries, such as offshore oil and gas, are changing the nature of the transportation services required. The Report Card also looks ahead: How well suited is Atlantic Canada’s transportation system to accommodate further growth and changes in trade patterns? Industry stakeholders have raised a number of concerns about the region’s transportation system. Whatever the future direction of Atlantic Canada’s trade patterns, the region’s transportation will have to respond in the context of higher fuel prices, increased security requirements and environmental considerations, and growing concerns about labour shortages.