Demographic trends will have far-reaching effects on the economies of many industrial nations over the next few decades. The Atlantic provincesare no exception. Slower population growth and an ageing population will erode the expansion of the labour force and the associated tax base. The demand for a whole range of goods and services from health care and education to recreation and financial services will be affected by the changing age composition of the population. In particular, rising health care costs will put pressure on provincial finances. This Report Card examines the main demographic changes and some of their potential implications for the Atlantic provinces.