Atlantic Canada’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are 6% above 1990 levels, compared with a 21% increase nationally. When measured relative to the amount of economic activity (real GDP), GHG emissions are above the Canadian average in both Nova Scotia and New Brunswick due in large measure to a dependence on coal and oil for electricity generation. The three producing offshore oil projects have added significantly to Newfoundland and Labrador’s emissions over the last decade, while agriculture accounts for 24% of all emissions in Prince Edward Island. The combustion of fossil fuels to produce energy for industry, households and transportation accounted for 90% of emissions in Atlantic Canada in 2006, emphasizing the need for environmental policy to be fully integrated with energy, economic development and transportation policies.
This report examines the composition of, and trends in, greenhouse gas emissions in Atlantic Canada since 1990.