Agricultural production has fallen in Atlantic Canada since 2001 revealing the various competitive challenges facing this sector. Lagging productivity gains and limited technological advances are partly behind the decline in competitiveness. Greater integration with national and North American markets has also reduced margins in some sectors. Agriculture remains a small but important part of the Atlantic economy, particularly in areas like the Annapolis Valley and Prince Edward Island. This Report Card examines recent output trends in the region’s various agricultural sectors. It concludes that technology is critical to future performance. The region’s technical resources need to be more sharply focused to better apply new global knowledge and technologies to the unique conditions affecting Atlantic farms.