APEC estimates that the majority (about 70%) of Atlantic workers need to work onsite at their place of work (e.g., manufacturing plant, construction site, hospital, restaurant) or directly with clients (e.g., hairdresser, massage therapist).This means that many workers are at risk of being laid off if they cannot adjust their operations to meet physical distancing directives and other health and safety measures. Some businesses have been required to shut down by governments - APEC estimates this applies to less than 10% of workers. Other firms have ceased or reduced operations due to a lack demand (e.g., some retail stores) or inability to meet health and safety requirements. For individuals that can arrange to work from home (30%), some may still be laid off due to a drop in demand or because their employer has shut down.
Note: These preliminary estimates are based upon APEC's classification of 4-digit NOC occupations - they are not based on quantitative data or external validation of whether a particular occupation can or cannot work from home. Data from the 2016 General Social Survey suggest that only 7% of workers indicate they can work from home. However, in the current COVID-19 crisis, a higher proportion have likely found a way to continue to work from home. These preliminary estimates may be revised if and as quantitative numbers become available.